Update on CASTOR

By / par Patrick Côté (NRC Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics Research Centre)
(Cassiopeia – Autumn / l’automne 2020)

The recently released 2020 Long Range Plan for Canadian Astronomy has identified CASTOR, Canada’s “first marquee space astronomy mission”, as the top priority in Canadian space astronomy for the coming decade. The LRP2020 report highlighted the “substantial interest and involvement from Canadian industry” and emphasized that CASTOR would “allow Canadian astronomers to perform spectacular new studies of a huge range of cosmic phenomena ranging from exoplanets to cosmology.”

At the same time, the LRP2020 report pointed out that “It will be vital to engage with the federal government to fund this very large mission, and to work closely with international partners like JPL/NASA and IIA/ISRO.” To this end, industry partners and members of the community are working to explore partnership scenarios and refine the business case for this flagship mission, including expected economic impacts and returns on investment.

The next stage of design work will begin in late 2020, with a request for proposals for a Space Technology Development Program (STDP) study expected soon. That 22-month study — which will focus on the opto-mechanical design, focal plane array, fine steering system, UV spectrograph and precision photometer — will be awarded to Canadian industry through a competitive process. It is hoped that science planning will ramp up during a Phase 0 study that could begin in early 2021. In the meantime, discussions are underway for a virtual meeting, to be held in late 2020 or early 2021, between members of the Canadian, Indian and other international teams to discuss opportunities for scientific, technical and programmatic collaboration.

As always, members of the community who would like to participate in the next phases of CASTOR development are encouraged to contact: patrick.cote@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca.

Indigenizing Astronomy – Long Range Plan

By / par Samantha Lawler (Campion College, University of Regina)
(Cassiopeia – Autumn / l’automne 2020)

A First Step Toward Incorporating Traditional Knowledge in your Astro 101 Class – Connect with Local Elders/Knowledge Keepers

This is an example of how one new professor (the author) has begun the very first steps to incorporate Indigenous knowledge into an Astronomy 101 class that did not previously include any. The course is offered through Campion College, an affiliated college of the University of Regina (U of R). The U of R has a large undergraduate Indigenous population, with 14% of students self-identifying as Indigenous. The U of R also has an Office of Indigenization, and one of their stated goals is to connect faculty and staff with Indigenous Elders/Knowledge Keepers and to help with Indigenization of their courses. As a first step toward Indigenizing an existing course (Astronomy 101), I was able to make use of their Elder-in-residence program to bring a Life Speaker to the very first class I ever taught at the U of R. The staff of the Office of Indigenization helped me practice pronunciations to properly acknowledge the territory (where I had just begun living 2 weeks prior). They also taught me the proper etiquette for introducing the Life Speaker, as well as providing me with a properly prepared traditional offering of tobacco to present do the Life Speaker prior to him speaking to the class. I asked the Life Speaker to share his traditional knowledge of astronomy, and he spoke at length about the traditional view of the Earth as our mother and the Universe as our father, as well as his personal connection with the Northern Lights. My favourite highlight was learning that the Cree name for the Northern Lights translates to “the relatives are dancing,” a much more joyful and active name than we use in English.

With extensive help from the U of R Office of Indigenization, I, a brand-new professor, was able to properly acknowledge a land that was new to me, and share the traditional knowledge of an Indigenous elder, on my very first day of teaching. Administrative procedures were already in effect to make compensating the elder for his time with a proper honorarium from Campion College (the Office of Indigenization recommended $200), which is also an important part of acknowledging the importance of traditional knowledge. Having the Office of Indigenization as a resource for advice and for connection with Indigenous groups is completely invaluable for Indigenizing astronomy (as well as other courses). I am extremely thankful that these structures exist and I acknowledge that without the help of the Office of Indigenization, it would have taken years for me to build up the contacts to do what I was able to present on my very first day of teaching. In the near-future, I look forward to expanding collaboration with their office and with First Nations University, another affiliated college of the University of Regina.

A pandemic addendum: This semester, while all of our university’s teaching is online, the Office of Indigenization were again able to connect me with the Elder and arrange for him to join my class via Zoom. It worked amazingly well!

Starting the course with an acknowledgement of the land and an Indigenous Elder’s very personal, interconnected view of astronomy completely changed the starting point of the class, and created a much more respectful beginning to this course. The standard astronomy textbook narrative is often to start with “primitive,” “ancient” views that are later shown to be “false” by triumphant Western science. This started the course on a much more respectful note, allowing for traditional knowledge to coexist with current scientific practices as another way of knowing what we all observe in the sky.

As a settler and a new Canadian, I am very much still learning about Indigenous knowledge in my new home, and I am definitely not an expert. I am sharing my experience in hopes that other astronomers across Canada will be inspired to take a similar step toward Indigenizing their astronomy courses. Will it be easy? Probably not. Will you be pushed way outside your comfort zone? Almost certainly! (In a good way!) Will you and your students benefit from this connection? Absolutely, yes.

A few useful resources to get started:

U of R Office of Indigenization page
Land acknowledgements in Canada
LRP 2020 paper on Indigenizing astronomy by Neilson et al.

Canadian Astronomy, Racism, and the Environment – Part 1

By / par Martine Lokken, Chris Matzner, Joel Roediger, Mubdi Rahman, Dennis Crabtree, Pamela Freeman, Vincent Henault-Brunet (The CASCA Sustainability Committee, The CASCA Equity & Inclusivity Committee)
(Cassiopeia – Autumn / l’automne 2020)

Part 1: An Introduction to Environmental Racism

This year’s widespread protests in support of Wetʼsuwetʼen sovereignty, and in support of Black lives in the face of police brutality, have brought heightened attention to the racism and systemic racial inequalities that have long threatened Indigenous and Black people in North America. The astronomy community has been coming to terms with its own systemic racism [1], and it is important that we examine our field’s environmental impacts [2] through the same lens. In this moment, we in CASCA’s Sustainability Committee reflect on the many ways in which environmentalism and racism interact. Here we present some background on how these issues are intertwined with the climate crisis and environmental damage both globally and within Canada. In a later article with the Equity & Inclusivity Committee we will ask how we as astronomers have benefitted from and perpetuated racism, environmental or otherwise, and what we can do to change this.

The climate crisis is projected to deal a sequence of crushing blows to peoples of the arctic, equatorial, and oceanic regions of the world. Of those affected, the UN warns that Indigenous peoples face the most climate-based disruption because of their strong cultural and economic connections to the land on which they live [3]. Indeed, this has already begun [4]. Drought now affects a quarter of the world’s population, mainly in equatorial regions [5], leading to food insecurity and mass migration [6, 7]. Heat waves are on the rise, some now surpassing what humans can naturally survive [8]. Last year, massive fires decimated the Australian landscape, damaging perhaps thousands of Indigenous cultural sites [9], while deliberate fires ate away at the home of the Amazon’s Indigenous people. This year’s Amazon fires could be even worse [10], and record heat waves are intensifying annual wildfires in Siberia [11]. Vast floods have covered a quarter of Bangladesh [12], while rising seas are swallowing island nations [13]. The distribution of global wealth plays a major role in deciding who can best survive these extreme events: while wealthy areas of developed nations are able to adapt to some of the effects of climate change through investment in infrastructure, the world’s poorest are disproportionately losing their homes, livelihoods, and even lives [14]. Meanwhile, the worst per-capita contributors to the climate crisis are primarily located in the northern hemisphere [15] and led by wealthy nations such as Canada, the U.S., Australia, Saudi Arabia, and other major oil-producing countries. The disparities between the worst perpetrators of the climate crisis versus those who suffer the greatest impacts correlate with inequalities of wealth, power, and territory that have been sown over the long history of European colonialism, and are reinforced by systemic racism.

Canada is no exception to this. Our country has a tragic history of slavery, anti-Indigenous and anti-Black racism, and attempted erasure of Indigenous cultures. Much of our wealth is based on the exploits of land which often was cheated or taken by force from Indigenous nations [16, 17]. We are currently the fourth largest producer and exporter of oil [18], and the average Canadian’s contribution to the climate crisis is among the world’s greatest [19]. However, unsurprisingly, systemic racism plays a major role in who has benefitted from this wealth versus who is most impacted by the environmental damage.

Many rural Indigenous communities in Canada are disproportionately feeling the effects of climate change. Ice roads, which in the winter enable goods to reach northern communities, become unavailable or unsafe as temperatures rise [20]. Melting ice and extreme weather is cutting Inuit people off from traditional hunting lands, severely threatening people’s physical and mental health [21]. In Eastern Indigenous communities, rising sea levels have negatively impacted traditional medicines and food supplies by increasing the salination of freshwater [22]. In addition to the unintentional impacts from climate change, there are also many situations in which racist planning for polluting sites such as factories, mills, and pipelines have caused environmental harm to rural Indigenous communities. For example, for 53 years the Northern Pulp mill in Nova Scotia treated its effluent in Boat Harbour (A’se’k), a tidal estuary upon which the Pictou Landing First Nation depended for food, livelihoods, and culture. Only this year, after years of community activism, has the provincial government ended the pollution of Boat Harbour, allowing its restoration to begin [23]. These various stresses to rural communities can spur an exodus to urban centers, leading to the loss of languages and cultures that are often deeply connected to the local environment [22, 20].

Systemic racism has also resulted in various environmental disparities for racialized communities in urban areas. The Canadian government warns of the dangers of urban heat islands, areas which amplify warm temperatures due to an excess of paved surfaces and lack of green space [24]. Populations more at risk for heat-related illness include Indigenous people, newcomers to Canada, and poor people [24]. The systemic effects which cause higher poverty rates among racialized people [25] and a lack of heat-protecting infrastructure in poor neighborhoods combine to make racialized Canadians more vulnerable to rising heat waves. (Because of Canadian astronomy’s connections to the U.S., it is also worth noting that the long-lasting effects of racist redlining in many U.S. cities have resulted in heat islands being centered on predominantly Black neighborhoods there [26, 27].) In addition to heat, pollution is another major health issue in urban centers. Similar to Pictou Landing, there are many cases of polluting sites being built near Indigenous or Black communities in urban areas (e.g. “Chemical Valley”, ON [28] and Africville, Nova Scotia [29]). These compounding environmental effects can cause serious health problems in marginalized communities, such as higher cancer rates and respiratory issues [28, 30], increased heat-related illnesses [30], poisoning from high levels of dangerous materials in water sources (e.g. Grassy Narrows, ON [31]), and worse pregnancy outcomes faced by Black mothers [U.S. data, 32]1.

The disproportionate effect of the climate crisis on racialized communities is exacerbated by the casual and systemic racism often present in predominantly-white environmental circles and the policies put forth by them. An important example of this is the centrality of the overpopulation argument to many Western approaches to the climate crisis, including in scientific circles [33]. While regularly debunked by public health scholars with the topical expertise in this area [34,35,36], racist origins and implications have been used to advance racist policies in the name of environmental sustainability [37,38]. This interplay has acted to shift the blame from the consumption of the Global North and casts the blame on the Global South, including some of the very populations that are most susceptible to the effects of the climate crisis.

Therefore, although the climate crisis will affect everyone to some extent, it is important that we recognize how global and local histories of racism and colonialism factor into the equation. Those of us with the privilege to be relatively insulated from environmental damage — at least for now — must especially examine our environmental impact and our complicity in systems of oppression. In doing so, it is essential that we learn from the BIPOC leaders who have historically spearheaded the movement for environmental justice like Dr. Robert Bullard and the Rev. Benjamin Chavis [39] and listen to the young voices, such as Makasá Looking Horse, who are taking the reins [40]). In our next article, we will examine how Canadian astronomy has benefitted from and continues to partake in white supremacist systems while also contributing to environmental injustice. We will discuss how to change the status quo, considering issues such as respect for Indigenous land rights and frequency of academic flights.


1Canada doesn’t require collection of race-based health data, an issue which has gained awareness during the Covid-19 pandemic (https://globalnews.ca/news/7180914/canada-race-based-data-covid-19/).
The general taboos around studying the effects of race in Canada partially explain why there are fewer available resources on environmental racism here than in the US.

References

  1. https://www.particlesforjustice.org/letter
  2. https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.01272
  3. https://www.un.org/development/desa/indigenouspeoples/climate-change.html
  4. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/08/06/climate/climate-change-inequality-heat.html
  5. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/08/06/climate/world-water-stress.html?action=click&module=News&pgtype=Homepage
  6. https://features.propublica.org/climate-migration/model-how-climate-refugees-move-across-continents/
  7. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/12/climate/kenya-drought.html
  8. https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/6/19/eaaw1838
  9. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00164-8
  10. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jul/17/dramatic-footage-fuels-fears-amazon-fires-could-be-worse-than-last-year
  11. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/wildfires-sibera-russia-burned-area-larger-than-greece-heat-wave/
  12. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/30/climate/bangladesh-floods.html
  13. https://www.un.org/en/chronicle/article/small-islands-rising-seas
  14. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/02/13/climate/manila-san-francisco-sea-level-rise.html
  15. https://ourworldindata.org/per-capita-co2
  16. https://www.ubcpress.ca/asset/9296/1/9780774821018.pdf
  17. http://fnn.criaw-icref.ca/images/userfiles/files/LWM3_ColonialismImpacts.pdf
  18. https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/science-data/data-analysis/energy-data-analysis/energy-facts/crude-oil-facts/20064
  19. https://ourworldindata.org/per-capita-co2
  20. https://bifrostonline.org/how-is-climate-change-impacting-indigenous-communities-in-remote-regions-of-canada/
  21. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/30/canada-inuits-climate-change-impact-global-warming-melting-ice
  22. https://www.climatechangenews.com/2019/11/28/indigenous-communities-forefront-climate-resilience/
  23. https://www.cbc.ca/news/indigenous/pictou-landing-first-nation-northern-pulp-1.5447179
  24. https://www.canada.ca/en/services/health/publications/healthy-living/reducing-urban-heat-islands-protect-health-canada.html
  25. https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/esdc-edsc/migration/documents/eng/communities/reports/poverty_profile/snapshot.pdf
  26. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/08/09/climate/city-heat-islands.html
  27. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/jan/13/racist-housing-policies-us-deadly-heatwaves-exposure-study
  28. https://ecojustice.ca/exposing-canadas-toxic-secret/
  29. https://humanrights.ca/story/the-story-of-africville
  30. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2020/08/12/science.aay4497/tab-pdf
  31. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/thunder-bay/grassy-narrows-framework-1.5520501
  32. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/18/climate/climate-change-pregnancy-study.html
  33. https://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2017/12/12/16766872/overpopulation-exaggerated-concern-climate-change-world-population
  34. Rosling, H., Rosling Rönnlund, A. and Rosling, O., 2019. Factfulness. Paris: Flammarion.
  35. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/27/what-goes-up-population-crisis-wrong-fertility-rates-decline
  36. https://www.nhpr.org/post/outsidein-problem-concerns-about-over-population-part-one#stream/0
  37. https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/environmentalisms-racist-history
  38. https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/67/12/1026/4605229
  39. https://www.nrdc.org/stories/environmental-justice-movement
  40. https://rabble.ca/blogs/bloggers/making-waves/2018/11/six-nations-youth-leads-protest-against-nestl%C3%A9-water-operation

LRP2020 white papers and reports

This page links the individual white papers and reports submitted as input to LRP2020.

White papers submitted by the community

Authors Title Category
J. Hutchings Space Astronomy new facilities, experiments and missions
A. Boley et al. The Role of NewSpace in Furthering Canadian Astronomy other
J. Gagné et al. The opportunity of young nearby associations with the advent of the Gaia mission science programs, science topics and science themes
K. Venn et al. Machine Learning Advantages in Canadian Astrophysics data analysis, data management and data storage
N. van der Marel et al. Signposts of planet formation in protoplanetary disks science programs, science topics and science themes
M. Balogh et al. Science, Technical and Strategic benefits of Canadian partnership with Subaru new facilities, experiments and missions
H. Neilson et al. Indigenizing the next decade of astronomy in Canada equity, diversity, and inclusion
H. Neilson et al. Canadian Astronomy on Maunakea: On Respecting Indigenous Rights equity, diversity, and inclusion
A. Liu et al. Low-redshift 21cm Cosmology in Canada science programs, science topics and science themes
G. Eadie et al. Astrostatistics in Canada
science programs, science topics and science themes
data analysis, data management and data storage
state of the profession
training, careers, demographics and professional development
other
E. Griffin et al. Back to the Future: Supporting New Science with our Legacy Data data analysis, data management and data storage
A. Liu et al. High-redshift 21cm Cosmology in Canada science programs, science topics and science themes
A. Boley et al. Small and Moderate Aperture Telescope for Research and Education other
D. Crabtree Canada’s astronomy performance based on bibliometrics state of the profession
W.C. Fraser et al. Canadian Participation in the LSST science programs, science topics and science themes
I. Stairs et al. Pulsar Timing Arrays: Gravitational Waves from Supermassive Black Holes and More science programs, science topics and science themes
E. Rosolowsky et al. Star Formation in the Galactic Ecosystem science programs, science topics and science themes
P. Côté et al. CASTOR: A Flagship Canadian Space Telescope new facilities, experiments and missions
C. Wilson et al. Development Plans for the Atacama Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) proposed upgrades to current facilities
W. Percival et al. The Euclid Mission new facilities, experiments and missions
C. D. Matzner et al. Astronomy in a Low-Carbon Future state of the profession
S. Côté et al. GEMINI in the coming decade instrument design and development
E. Fonseca et al. Fundamental Physics with Pulsars science programs, science topics and science themes
V. Hénault-Brunet et al. Star Clusters Near and Far science programs, science topics and science themes
A. McConnachie et al. The next decade of optical wide field astronomy in Canada science programs, science topics and science themes
M. Rahman et al. Probing Diverse Phenomena through Data-Intensive Astronomy science programs, science topics and science themes
J. Bolduc-Duval et al. Astronomy and UNESCO’s Sustainable Development Goals outreach, education and teaching
K. Vanderlinde et al. The Canadian Hydrogen and Observatory and Radio transient Detector (CHORD) new facilities, experiments and missions
S. Sadavoy et al. The Life Cycle of Dust science programs, science topics and science themes
P. Hall et al. The Maunakea Spectroscopic Explorer proposed upgrades to current facilities
K. Hoffman et al. The Colibri Mission: Canada’s Flag-ship X-ray Telescope new facilities, experiments and missions
J. Di Francesco et al. The Next Generation Very Large Array new facilities, experiments and missions
P. Langill et al. LRP2020: CASCA’s EPO Committee White Paper: Proposed National EPO Projects for CASCA outreach, education and teaching
T. E. Woods et al. Revealing the Origin and Cosmic Evolution of Supermassive Black Holes science programs, science topics and science themes
D. Johnstone et al. Mid-Through Far-Infrared Astronomy: The Path to Tomorrow science programs, science topics and science themes
I. Caiazzo et al. Unveiling the secrets of black holes and neutron stars with high-throughput, high-energy resolution X-ray spectroscopy science programs, science topics and science themes
T. Landecker et al. DRAO Synthesis Telescope proposed upgrades to current facilities
P. C. Breysse et al. Astrophysics and Cosmology with Line Intensity Mapping science programs, science topics and science themes
D. R. Andersen et al. The Canadian Roots of the TMT First Light Instruments NFIRAOS and IRIS instrument and design development
J. E. Taylor et al. Theoretical Astrophysics in Canada other
R. Fernandez et al. The cosmic origin and evolution of the elements science programs, science topics and science themes
J. J. Ruan et al. A Vision for Canadian Leadership in Multi-Messenger Astrophysics in the Next Decade science programs, science topics and science themes
L. Fissel et al. Balloon astrophysics in Canada over the next decade
new facilities, experiments and missions
proposed upgrades to current facilities, experiments and missions
instrument design and development
training, careers, demographics and professional development
A. S. Hill et al. Canadian Investigations of the Interstellar Medium science programs, science topics and science themes
N. Ouellette et al. Astronomy Advocacy and Engagement
outreach, education and teaching
training, careers, demographics and professional development
equity, diversity and inclusion
K. Spekkens et al. Canada and the SKA from 2020 – 2030 new facilities, experiment and missions
C. Lovekin et al. Astronomy Research at Canadian Comprehensive Research Universities state of the profession
S. Chapman et al. Science with ground based, single dish Submillimeter Wave Telescopes new facilities, experiments and missions
D. Naylor et al. SPICA: the next observatory class infrared space astronomy mission new facilities, experiments and missions
R. Hložek et al. CMB Science in Canada new facilities, experiments and missions
R. Hložek et al. Science with the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope new facilities, experiments and missions
S. Lawler et al. Planetary Astronomy-Understanding the Origin of the Solar System science programs, science topics and science themes
D. Scott et al. Cosmology in front of the background: studying the growth of structure at CMB wavelengths science programs, science topics and science themes
S. Metchev et al. Continuing Canadian Leadership in Small-satellite Astronomy new facilities, experiments and missions
J. West et al. Cosmic Magnetism science programs, science topics and science themes
J. Cami et al. Molecular Astrophysics and Astrochemistry science programs, science topics and science themes laboratory astrophysics
R. Doyon et al. Entering a new Era of Astrophysics with the James Webb Space Telescope new facilities, experiments and missions
V. Kaspi et al. LRP2020 White Paper on Radio Transients science programs, science topics and science themes
C. Marois et al. Exoplanet Imaging: a technological and scientific road-map for finding Life signatures on other Worlds science programs, science topics and science themes
A. Man et al. Characterizing Galaxies in the Early Universe science programs, science topics and science themes
K. Spekkens et al. Equity, Diversity and Inclusion in the Canadian Astronomical Society in the Next Decade equity, diversity and inclusion
JJ Kavelaars et al. Digital Research Infrastructure in Astronomy new facilities, experiments and missions
J. Di Francesco et al. The Formation of Stars – From Filaments to Cores to Protostars and Protoplanetry Disks science programs, science topics and science themes
H. Ngo et al. Opportunities and Outcomes for Postdocs in Canada state of the profession training, careers, demographics and professional development equity, diversity and inclusion
B. Benneke et al. Exoplanet instrumentation in the 2020s: Canada’s pathway towards searching for life on potentially Earth-like exoplanets
new facilities, experiments and missions
B. Matthews et al. Debris disks as probes of exoplanetary systems science programs, science topics and science themes
K. Venn et al. Industrial Initiatives in Canadian Astronomy other

Reports solicited by the LRP2020 panel

Please don’t be a DOOFAAS!

By/par Pauline Barmby
(Cassiopeia – Winter/hivers 2016)

If you haven’t seen the Dumb Or Overly Forced Astronomical Acronyms Site (or DOOFAAS) produced by Canadian astronomer Glen Petitpas, go have a look. It’s pretty hilarious. It doesn’t yet list “H0 Lenses in COSMOGRAIL’s Wellspring” (H0LiCOW), which, I have to say, still makes me scratch my head.

In astronomy we like to make up names for our projects, be they instruments, telescopes, surveys, or programs. Often these are clever or silly; usually they are more memorable than the standard space agency three-letter acronym. It’s a way to make a project more fun and to perhaps get it a little more attention when colleagues first hear about it.

It’s possible to go too far with being clever, however. One person’s slightly risqué or edgy name can make others uncomfortable and send the signal that our field is unwelcoming. A well-known example is Source Extractor, a heavily-used astronomy software package that has littered hard drives with “.sex” files for decades[1]. There are other, more recent examples that I won’t dignify by mentioning.

The CASCA meeting Code of Conduct specifically notes that “All communication should be appropriate for a professional audience including people of many different backgrounds. Sexual language and imagery is not appropriate.” Other conferences have similar codes. So if you give your project a racy name, the organizers could (and should!) ask you not to mention it by name. This is probably not what you want.

The next time you make up a project acronym, think about the consequences. What messages does it send? Could you talk to a group of 12-year-olds about it without them giggling? How about your university president? When the committee assessing your next job application finds the project name in a Tweet or a Facebook post, what will they think about your character? There are plenty of ways to be creative without being exclusionary, so that people smile rather than grimace when they hear about your project. Please don’t be a DOOFAAS.

[1] Did you know that the configuration files for this program can have any extension? I call mine .cfg.

e-Cassiopeia Template

fall
 

&#9808 Autumnal Equinox &#9809

Published September 23, 2014

 
 

Andromeda, as shown in an engraving from the 17th century Firmamentum Sobiescianum sive Uranographia star atlas by Johannes Hevelius. Credit: U.S. Naval Observatory and the Space Telescope Science Institute.

Andromeda, as shown in an engraving from the 17th century Firmamentum Sobiescianum sive Uranographia star atlas by Johannes Hevelius. Credit: U.S. Naval Observatory and the Space Telescope Science Institute.

In this issue:

ACURA News
An ALMA Update
NRC Herzberg News
Bulletin de CNRC Herzberg
Updates from the Canadian Gemini Office
Nouvelles de l’Office Gemini Canadien
Arctic Update
Continuing Evolution of JCMT
Mid-Term Review of LRP


Editors: Joanne Rosvick & Magdalen Normandeau
 
E-cass is CASCA’s quarterly Newsletter, published on or near the solstices and equinoxes (March 21, June 21, September 21 and December 21). To submit a contribution please email cassiopeia.editors@gmail.com. All submissions must be received at least one week in advance to be published in the next edition. We accept plain text and Word documents. Please include any images as attachments in your email, not embedded in the text.